03 November 2006

Some Computing Standards Organizations

This is a list that is updated whenever I feel the need to add something.

3GPPW O: 3rd-Generation Partnership Project; program to develop follow-on to GSM members. Members include ETSI, TTC/ARIB, and CT1..

ANSIW O: American National Standards Institute. Accredits standards that are developed by representatives of standards developing organizations, government agencies, firms, et al. ANSI does not actually develop standards of its own.

ARIBW O: Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (of Japan); trade association. Designated as manager of Japanese radio spectrum; 3GPP partner.

ATISW O: Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions. Includes several defunct organizations (O) such as: ANSI-accredited Committee T1 (CT1) established in February 1984 at the divestiture of AT&T to develop technical standards for interoperability of telecommunications networks (3GPP partner).

CERNW O: European Organization for Nuclear Research (Geneva Canton, CH−border with France). The acronym CERN originally stood, in French, for Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, which was a provisional council for setting up the laboratory. It is the owner-manager of several of the largest scientific instruments in the world. Here, Tim Berners-Lee developed a universal markup system known as HTML, which was the key technical development required for the creation of the World Wide Web.

EIAW O: Electronic Industries Alliance; a US trade association closely related to the TIA. The TIA seems to be much more heavily involved in the development of industry standards (partial listing), while the EIA is almost entirely devoted to the development of political policy. Indeed, almost all pages of the EIA website are devoted to policy issues and the industry position on them.

EMVcoW O: industry association for the development and management of financial smart cards. "EMV" stands for Europay, MasterCard, and Visa, the original members of the EMV consortium. The EMV standard currently covers contact and RFID smart cards.

ETSIW O: European Telecommunications Standards Institute; EU-based trade association. Notably developed GSM and TETRA as well as many others (list). ETSI is the recognized European Union regional standards body dealing with telecommunications, broadcasting and other electronic communications networks and services (O).

IECW O:International Electrotechnical Commission; closely aligned with the IEEE and the ISO. The IEC charter embraces all electrotechnologies including energy production and distribution, electronics, magnetics and electromagnetics, electroacoustics, multimedia and telecommunication, as well as associated general disciplines such as terminology and symbols, electromagnetic compatibility, measurement and performance, dependability, design and development, safety and the environment. List of IEC standards

IEEEW O: Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers; responsible for maintaining a large number of technical standards and formats (list). IEEE's standards permit firms all over the world to supply any market in any industry with useful electrical and electronic subcomponents. IEEE site map: the IEEE has hundreds of groups and subgroups associated with the formation of electonics standards.

ISOW O: International Organization for Standardization ("ISO" derived from Greek ἴσος, for "equal"). Created in 1947; sets many technical and commercial standard (list); these are highly varied, and include ISO 7 (pipe thread specs), ISO 233 (transliteration of Arabic into Roman characters), ISO 1000 (the complete and latest specs of the Metric System), and ISO 9001 (quality management certification).

ITUW O: United Nations agency for information and communication technologies. Promulgates and accredits standards internationally. Divisions included ITU-R (radio communications), ITU-S (stanardization), and ITU-D (development of communications technologies). Based in Geneva, Switzerland.

NCSAW O: National Center for Supercomputing Applications (Urbana Illinois). The NCSA was originally created in 1985 with money from the National Science FoundationW O. The NCSA also received financial support from the state government of Illinois and the University of Illinois. One of its major innovations was the development of the Mosaic web browser in 1993; Mosaic was extremely influential on the design of subsequent browsers, such as Netscape Navigator and MS Internet Explorer. It continues to support research in cybertechnologies, astronomy, biology and medicine, chemistry ("nanoscience"), and engineering.

NISTW O: National Institute of Standards and Technology; Founded in 1901, NIST is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce. NIST's mission is to promote innovation and US industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology.

Object Management Group W O: manages industry standards for programming objects.

Open GroupW O:created when X/OpenW merged with the Open Software FoundationW (OSF) in 1996. The goal of this was to end the rivalry among standards of Unix, thereby making it possible to develop Unix applications that could run on any future installation of Unix. The Open Group inherited management of the Unix name.

PC/SC WorkgroupW O: Personal Computer/Smart Card Workgroup; industry association for the development and management of smart cards. PC/SC standards (list) are used to integrate smart cards with the broader computing environment.

TIAW O: Telecommunications Industrial Association; US trade association that lobbies for regulations favorable to telecommunications. It maintains trade standards such as CDMA (cdma2000). List of committees

TTCW O: Telecommunications Technology Committee (of Japan); contributes to standardization in the field of telecommunications by establishing protocols and standards for networks and terminal equipment, etc. Non-governmental organization (NGO); 3GPP partner.

W3CW O: World Wide Web Consortium; founded in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of HTML. Tim Berners-Lee is usually credited with the invention of the World Wide Web (see CERN). Unlike CERN, whose membership is confined to European nations, the W3C is global. It seeks to establish vendor-neutral standards for web applications, including XML, HTML, CSS, and others (partial list).

Wi-Fi AllianceW O: Industrial alliance that promotes the use of the IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN standard (or Wi-Fi). The Wi-Fi Alliance is not the same as the IEEE 802.11 working group. The Wi-Fi Alliance exists to ensure interoperability among Wi-Fi products.

SOURCES & ADDITIONAL READING: Wikipedia post on each item indicated with a superscript W; the organization's website is indicated as O.

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